ORIGINS of my ANCESTORS
1 / Side father of my father :
My CARAYONS come from the Departement of TARN like the near total of the existing CARAYONS. Six different branches of CARAYONS coexisted in the middle of the 16th century... In occitan language CARAYON was in the form of CARAGUENH (listed in 1278 in Viane), CARGUIENH, then CARAGUIENH, then CARAGUION; the "g" disappeared and that gave CARAYON. The majority of the patronyms of my ascending occitans were francized : BIOU > BIAU, or feminized: VALET > VALETTE. (the priests transcribed the names as they heard them and, the final consonants of the words being marked in occitan, they doubled this consonant and addition an E final). In the villages having an occitan priest the patronyms were not feminized, this is why 2 brothers marrying in 2 different villages were to bear slighty different names.
I could to date go
up my patronym only with Antoine
CARAYON was born near 1625 in Rayssac
Los Raissagòls), and married Marie CROS. He
deceased there before1676, in the hamlet of Panissaire.
Their son Jean CARAYON was born near 1650 and married Marie MAYNEAU, originating in Paulin.
Their son Antoine CARAYON, born near 1680 in the hamlet of St-Martin-de-Jeannès, married Anne CHAMAYOU.
Their son André CARAYON, born near 1710, married Jeanne BIAU, originating from Paulin, in 1756.
Their son Jacques CARAYON was born in 1769 in Paulin, in the south-east of Albi, at his grandparents' BIAU. He married in Rayssac, from where his wife Marie MARC was also originating. He deceased in 1821, 52 years old. The mother of Marie MARC, Catherine PUJOL, makes me go up with the CORBIÈRE of Arifat by AVISOU (see Anecdotes).
Their son Jean Pierre Auguste CARAYON after having been a farm hand at St-Pierre-de-Trivisy where he met his wife Jeanne VALETTE who was a maidservant in Lacaze, left for Loupian (Hérault) where their elder son was born in 1845, and finally settling in 1849 (?) in Viane (Viana, > los Vianèses) in the Mounts of Lacaune, in the hamlet of Colombier on the heights of Viane in the house of his/her parents-in-law VALETTE. (This house remained in family CARAYON until 1932, date of the departure of the younger sister of my grandfather for Murasson with her husband. This house, now renovated is still there, after having changed several times of owner).
They had a small end of ground where they practised cultures of subsistence, which was enough to give them the occupation of farmers. They were poor, they had neither horse nor cow, perhaps a goat... The nickname of the CARAYON of the Dovecote was " the Cricket ". Among their 5 children, 3 died in the birth, their elder son had only 2 girls who died in their first year and thus only my great-grandfather, Louis, had viable children.
This one, born in 1855 in Viane, married in 1885 in Escroux (Capèla d' Escròs > Los Escrosòls) after 4 years of service military Marie GROS, born in Lacaune (Cauna > Los Caunèses) in 1864 where her father Jean lived at the time, her mother Marie Enjalbal being originating in Escroux, tiny hamlet. They had 7 children, Louis deceased in Viane in 1916 to 61 years. Enjalbal' family had bought the ruins of the castle of Escroux, always property of the nephew of Marie GROS. This one, Jean Louis GROS, is well-known in Lacaune and its area as trader of pigs, his trucks furrow all France. Lacaune, located in a basin at more than 800 m of altitude, is a high-place of the saltings tarnaises and profits from a microclimate and sources ("Cauna ": cavity) which made a village of cures of it. The sheep of the Lacaunaise race give the roquefort scheese, and the site of Lacaune includes still exploited salte quarries.
The Rocher of Viane is at the origin of Viane; it there was established a castle, it was plundered and burned first once in 1483 by the bishop of Castres, rebuilds and flaring again in 1629 at the time of the wars of religion by the Marshal of Thémines. The oldest known Charter of Viane goes back to 1278, the widow of Philippe de Monfort being then Comtesse of Viane, another of 1339 fact state of a hospital... It was then in the valley that the dwellings developed, at the foot of the Rock, in the hamlet of Pierre-Ségade located at 500 m of altitude on the road of Castres to Lacaune. The hamlet of the Colombier is itself on the heights, on the road of Escroux.
Viane includes a
hamlet of the name of CARAYON ; some
see the origin of our patronym there, others think that our name
comes from a Romain or Gallic named Caraïus ;
the poete Frédéric Mistral, as-with him, speaks about " caraioun
small fire of chènevottes, from where the
surname languedocian Carayon is derived " These two
explanations seem contradicted by the orthography occitane of the
name. One finds in 1278 in Viane Laurens de CARAGUENH,
Viane was a high place of Protestantism : 4 confessions cohabit there: Protestants (most), Catholics, Méthodistes (rare in France), and Adventists of the 7th day (Sabbathiens). To comparison, the town of Albi counts only 225 Protestant families today...
Usually the Protestants (Reformed Church, Calvinistes), called " Huguenots " by the " Parpaillots " of Viane, bury their deaths in their gardens, the other confessions using the cemetery confessional, then municipal ; this tradition tends to disappear, especially because of legal restrictions. Till the years 1950 catholic processions were often lapidated by the children of the other confessions, the mixed marriages were non-existent or scandalous, but the social life was alleviated, solidarity between the inhabitants strong, the dwelling houses of the various communities narrowly overlapping between them. Viane counts 680 inhabitants today.
The town of Albi offered a strong resistance to the Reform, while Castres was one of the places of safety granted to the Protestants by the Edict of Nantes of 1598, revoked in 1685. Y also sat of the mixed Courts.
All this area is mountainous, the villages being preferably on the heights, between 500 m and 900 m of altitude, and the paths were not the simplest means to go from the one to the other; it is through fields that one moved, descending the hills. The bell-towers are often visible of one village with the other, but to go in a village or a nearby hamlet by the paths took sometimes hours. The winters were much harder there in XVIIIème century than now, as testify some the cattle sheds which were at the ground floor of the dwellings to heat them and the walls to the old houses covered with slates to protect them from the bad weather.
Life was very hard at
that time in this part of the Departement of TARN and
the men spent each year the Mounts of Espinouse to go to
work in the Departement of HERAULT in the
vineyards. (Jacques died 52 years, its son Jean-Pierre Auguste
with 49 years, and my great-grandfather at 61 years)...
This area knew the plague in 1693-1694 and 1709-1713, and the food shortage prevails in 1588, 1590, 1597, 1605, 1612, 1649-1652,1693-1694 and 1709-1713 (in the 1710 and 1711 price of corns quintupled). It was necessary to await progress in the farming techniques, towards the end of XVIIIème century, to reach a greater food security.
The pouring Northern of Espinouse receives precipitations coming from the Atlantic, and the vegetation is there almost that of Normandy; the villages which are located there, such it Salvetat-sur-Agout, thus have a rainy climate, and as of after the node, on the Southern slope, the vegetation and the climate become again Méditerranéens, Espinouse blocking precipitations.
The son of Louis CARAYON and Marie GROS, Louis, my grandfather also crossed Espinouse , but like apprentice carter in Erépian (or in Poujol); It entered, after its military service with the Company of the Railroads of the South in Toulouse He had known in Saint-Julien-Olargues Lucie Marie Élina FOUILHÉ that he married in 1913. My grandmother, with the death of my grandfather 1951 beginning until 1965, was woman of household-linen maid in a family a few days per week; immigrant of Eastern Europe before war, this family was more or less hidden in a building in the street of my grandparents after the invasion of the " free zone ", at the end of 1942, and " was protected " by the vicinity during the German Occupation... My grandfather, from his profession, escaped from the hell during 1914/1918 war, " being mobilized on the spot " at the railroad station of Toulouse, where it carried out all his career as lamp maker He had to refuse a promotion in Albi, because he could not have paid the boarding school for the studies of teachers of their 3 children (born in their grandparents FOUILHÉ in Saint-Julien-d'Olargues, at the hamlet of Cros, they passed all there their school holidays, taking part in the grape harvest, but always lived Toulouse). My grandfather never had car...
From 1665 to our days, none of my ancestors CARAYON had other male children having had them-even male children that the my ascending direct successive, with the result that in spite of a number of CARAYON in France (2.377 births in France between 1891 and 1990 more than 800 CARAYON today in the directory including 277 in the Tarn and 135 in Hérault), currently only male CARAYON which are related for me are my 3 respective brothers and our 7 sons (of which none is yet married). SEE
2 / Side mother of my father :
FOUILHÉ and DONNADIEU
The FOUILHÉ and the DONNADIEU are originating in the High cantons of the North of the Departement of HERAULT on the southernmost slope of Espinouse, last buttresses of the Massif Central mountains, from the village of Saint-Julien-d'Olargues and more particularly of 2 of the many hamlets of this commune, the Cros for FOUILHÉ (FOULIO in occitan), and Mauroul for DONNADIEU (DONNADIÙ). Progressively generations, the FOUILHÉ and the DONNADIEU married women originating in the other hamlets of Saint-Julien ( Auziale, Horts, Tirocos, Fabrègue High) as well as communes of Olargues, Saint-Vincent-d'Olargues (Violgue, Raspaillac, Mazarié, Coustargue), Mons (Bardou), Rosis (Rosis, Douch), St-Martin-de-l'Arçon (Pomarède), two branches coming from Nages and Murat-sur-Vèbre (in Tarn other pouring of Espinouse). These two families were farmer-wine growers and had an existence less hard than branch CARAYON. Héraultais of this area had even come from there to neglect the food crops, which posed to them problems at the time of the winter 1940! The last FOUILHÉ wine grower, the last of the long line of the Antoine says " the Guard ", first cousin of my father, is deceased at the end of 1999.
St-Julien-d'Olargues is a commune without borough nor center, consisted of 17 hamlets disseminated in the mountain and whose Town hall is located at hamlet of Castagnès; close from there the Priory of St-Julien is, only effective link between the hamlets and which gave its name to the commune, as its small cemetery where my ancestors rest; this priory is quoted as of the year 899 but the bell-tower and the bell which rhythm time go back to 1615. On the steps of the Priory pushes a tree (I do not know any more if it is an olive-tree) old several centuries. The hamlet of Mauroul nearer to St-Vincent-d'Olargues which was its parish, has also a small church, in perfect state. This hamlet, lost on the slopes of Espinouse at the edge of a ravine, connected by a bridge to the road which carries out to its node, is currently in resurrection, the new inhabitants restoring each house in an interlacing of small 60 cm broad lanes. In 1791 the parish of St-Julien included 698 inhabitants divided in 18 hamlets and smallholdings, then including the hamlets of Bardou, Corbou, Fenouillède, Vaulte, Ornac, Toulo (Mons), Cofumat and the Room (Olargues), as well as Coste (St-Martin-de-l'Arçon) and Calhié (St-Étienne)
St-Vincent-d'Olargues, near to the hamlet of Mauroul, is also a small village with many hamlets disseminated on the slopes of Espinouse.
It's in Olargues, located a little low, than the exchanges and social were done; small borough on Jaur river whose " bridge of the devil " dates from the 13th century, dominated by a turn-bell-tower, it preserves, hidden in its lanes, medieval houses.
Rosis is a tiny hamlet of 4 or 5 houses lost on the heights of Espinouse to the top of the collar of Madale, which one reaches after 12 km of uninterrupted rise, and it was not simple at the time going to the nearest church. In the vicinity are the traces of a Roman camp, perched to 1.100 m of altitude.
With the end of the Middle
Ages, since 1350 and up to 1450 these villages first of
all knew a score of years of food shortages then were
devastated by the plague which carried in several waves more
half of the population Followed immediately afterwards of the
exactions of armed bands between 1380 and 1400. On this date
the hamlets and masages (of Occitan " masatge ",
hamlet) of the slopes of Espinouse are practically deserted, the
lords had to resort to the establishment of new families in order
to cultivate the grounds and to provide them incomes again. The
descendants of these families often cultivated in joint
possession the masages which had been allotted to their parents,
the lord perceiving his royalties overall, thus supporting in the
same place a significant concentration families of the same name.
Then this system of joint possession disappeared because of the
multiplication from the families, bringing to a parcelling out of
the grounds of the masages.
It is to be noted that the majority of the patronyms of my ancestors of the Departement of Hérault are also present in the Tarn, often besides cash of the Protestant families...
All these villages and hamlets were difficult access and folded up on them-even, only Olargues and Poujol-s/Orb, located along Jaur and of Orb rivers on the road of Mazamet to Bédarieux skirting the Black Mountain, the Mounts of Espinouse and Caroux, profited from an opening towards the plains of Hérault.
The totality of my paternal
ancestors are thus originating, on the one hand, of small hamlets
located on a line going of the Mounts of Lacaune and going up
towards Albi (Departement of Tarn), left the Tarn called "
the Mountain ", except for two branches coming from close
villages located in Aveyron, and, on the other hand, of small
hamlets disseminated on the southernmost side of the Solid mass
of Espinouse and the Mount of Caroux, in the High cantons
(Departement of Hérault).
Along the years, 3 of the ancestors of my father were born from unknown father, or at least except marriage ; in each case their mother had been widowed for several years, and another had a half-brother under the same conditions. This fact strongly decreases the number of ascending which I will be able to possibly find on this side.
The 8 great-grandparents of
my mother were born in 7 different Departments: Haute-Marne,
Meurthe-et-Moselle, the Vosges, Isère, Haute-Savoie, Creuse and
Seine-Maritime, and by going up their origins one adds the
Moselle, Indre, and the Eure.
They all the eight emigrated in Paris between 1855 and 1860, the majority after known in their departments of origin, and made stock in Paris even.
1 / Side father of my mother :
DUCHÊNE / PERRIN (MEURTHE-et-MOSELLE / THE MOSELLE / THE VOSGES)
My DUCHÊNE (in the past DUCHÊSNE) are originating in the Departement of MEURTHE-and-MOSELLE and lived Nancy at least since 1720; small craftsmen (figarist, shoe-maker) in the old city (St-Pierre district), the streets where they remained always exist under the same name (street of the college, St-Pierre suburb). The near total of this branch is originating in this department, except for the DEMASURE-CORINGER, originating in the Departement of MOSELLE in Insmings .. In 1830 Joseph DUCHÊNE settled in Thionville where it held an inn, and where his son Jean-François was born. Joseph turned over later to live in Nancy, and died there in 1848 (161 rue du Faubourg St-Pierre). In 1851 Jean-François married in Nancy Marie Claire PERRIN and they left to Paris ..
My PERRIN are originating in the Departement of VOSGES on the one hand of Vagney (PERRIN and GUSTIN), Sapois (FRANÇOIS) and of La Bresse (now winter sports resort, with the limit of Haut-Rhin) (PETITJEAN), and in addition of the Rupt-sur-Moselle (LAMBOLÉ) and of Saulxures-sur-Moselotte (CLAUDEL). The PERRIN were farmers, the LAMBOLÉ small craftsmen. In 1818 Lambert PERRIN married Claire LAMBOLÉ in Vagney then they settled in Nancy where them girl Marie-Claire married Jean-François DUCHÊNE.
THIBAUD / CORBIER (ISÈRE / HAUTE-savoie)
My THIBAUD are originating in the Departement of ISÈRE at St-Hilaire-de-la-Côte in the West of Grenoble. They were farmers and certain their descendants are it still, always at St-Hilaire-de-la-Côte. My back-back-large-father Antoine THIBAUD engaged for seven years in the army, took part in the Crimean War and the Campaign of Italy under Napoleon III, then its regiment was stationed in the suburbs of Paris where he knew Francoise CORBIER, newcomer of the Departement of HAUTE-SAVOIE. They married in Paris in 1866 as of its release of the Army... Their daughter Julie Antoinette THIBAUD married in Paris in 1887 Émile Lucien DUCHÊNE , son of Jean-François...
The CORBIER are originating in Chilly then of Massingy in the Departement of HAUTE-SAVOIE. They were farmers, but it is the branch which I know less, still not having been able to go up very far...
2 / Side mother of my mother :
HENRY / SOUR (the VOSGES / HAUTE-MARNE / and MOSELLE)
The HENRY are originating in the Departement of VOSGES and more particularly in Grand in the cur of Vôge, very close to Domrémy from which it is separated by the forest in which Jeanne of Arc heard voices ; Jeanne DESPREZ, who married François HENRY in 1783, one of downward is supposed one of the brothers of Jeanne of ARC, by the MELCION family. Many works evoke this filiation. The father of Jeanne of Arc had been born in Ceffonds in the Departement of HAUTE-MARNE, his/her mother in Vouthon-Haut in the Departement of MEUSE
Gallo-Roman place, Grand was devoted to Grannus (Apollo), judicious capacity to cure, and preserved the typology of this time A 2 km length rampart equipped with towers every 80 m girdled the site, and one can see an amphitheatre preserved relatively well there, one of largest of the Roman world. The emperors Caracalla and Constantin came there respectively into 213 and 309 after JC to look after itself in its hydropathic establishment... During several centuries Grand lived of its forging mills and factories of nails and tools, much of my ascending of this branch were nailsmiths. The village was touched in 1854 by an epidemic of cholera and this date seems to coincide with the departure of large of all HENRY.
The SOUR are originating in the Departement of MOSELLE, of St-Avold In 1726 Jean SOUR married Bonne PUNEROT in Avranville (Departement of VOSGES) , and settled there. Its Claude grandson married in 1799 Libaire Marie MAULARD in Grand and in 1834 their Libaire daughter married Jean François HENRY there.
Extract of the parochial
register of Avranville " This present year 1781
August 12, the thunder fell on the bell-tower from
this church in the moment when one left Vespers, so that half of
the people was in the church and other half outside. The arrow of
the bell-tower was completely crashed to pieces by the thunder
clap, the much damaged tower and a part of the broken tiles of
the nave. If one had sounded in this moment, the bell ringers had
been infallibly killed ".
Signed PETITJEAN, priest of Avranville.
GOUJON / SILVESTRE (HAUTE-MARNE)
This branch is originating in the Departement of HAUTE-MARNE The GOUJON from Rimaucourt the SILVESTRE one of Audeloncourt Joséphine Henriette GOUJON married in 1856 in Rimaucourt Jean Nicolas HENRY, son of Jean-François; they initially settled in Abainville (Departement of MEUSE) where my great-grandfather Charles Alexandre HENRY was born in 1858, then they left for Paris. Charles Alexandre married in 1886 Annette Jeanne JAMETON
JAMETON / SABIN (CREUSE / INDRE / CHER)
The JAMETON are
originating in Bétête in the North of the Departement of
CREUSE in 1739. Jean JAMETON married Gilberte
POURRADIER, of La Cellette where they settled. Their son married
Gabrielle TABOURIN, of Champeix in 1827 Victor, son of the
latter, married Catherine Julie SABIN.
The SABIN are originating in Nouziers and married with the wire of the generations of the women originating in La Cellette and Genouillac
Charles JAMETON my back-back-large-father, companion metal worker, emigrated in Paris at the end of his " Turn of France ".
The "Country " of this branch remained a long time with the variation of the transportation communication channels, the roads were still non-existent with the French Revolution.
DELESTRE / LECUIT (SEINE-MARITIME / EURE)
This last branch
is originating in the Departement of SEINE-MARITIME.
Originating in Yvetot in the country of
Caux, the DELESTRE, linen wire fathers, married NIEL, HOUVILLE,
LORAIN, MOREAU, originating in St-Clair-sur-les-Monts,
Auzebosc, Ste-Marie-des-Champs ..
Originating in Bois-Guillaume my LECUIT married LEFEBVRE, PASQUIER, MARIDOR, LECHALUPÉ, originating in La Frénaye, Grand-Camp, Auberville-la-Campagne, and St-Arnoult in the EURE ... In 1835 Guillaume Alexandre DELESTRE married in 2nd weddings Virginia Élise LECUIT in Yvetot, and they emigrated in Paris where them girl Ernestine Élise married in 1869 Charles JAMETON